Graduate students must usually declare their research goal or submit a research proposal upon entering grad school; in the case of master's degrees, there will be some flexibility (that is, one is not held to one's research proposal, although major changes, for example from premodern to modern history, are discouraged). In the case of Ph.D.s, the research direction is usually known as it will typically follow the direction of the master's research.
Use our subject selection filter at the top of this page or start with the list below to find some of the most awarded degrees (by subject). You will find accredited M.A., M.S., M.F.A., M.B.A., P.S.M. and other specific master degree programs with the help of our subject selection and sponsored program listings. The broad list of masters degree programs include the following subjects:
This 18-credit graduate credential will help prepare you to link scientists, decision-makers, and stakeholders when managing recreational and commercial fisheries and fish habitat and contribute towards the general conservation of aquatic resources.  Through quality courses, you can practice skills in biology, economy, law and social science as you deal with issues across a wide range of...
Students pursuing a graduate program can search our thorough list of accredited online master’s degrees, including colleges and degree programs. Our best online master's list highlights the top schools, based on tuition rates and alumni salaries reported by PayScale. Our comprehensive list of master’s programs includes accredited programs in fields like accounting, computer science, healthcare administration, management, nursing, and nutrition, and allows prospective students to learn how many online programs are available in their desired field.
Research in the department stresses mathematical depth, the integration of theory and implementation, and a broad perspective on computing systems. Students are encouraged to tailor their programs of courses and research to fit their specific needs.  Research emphases are in algorithms; communication protocols, concurrent computation, and networks; graphics and human-computer interaction; novel computational substrates, including quantum mechanical computers and molecular computers; VLSI, with a specific emphasis on asynchronous and analog VLSI; high-confidence systems, including fault tolerance, program verification, and security; information theory; learning theory; computational complexity; computer vision; and large-scale scientific computing.  Caltech's new centers of Information Science and Technology (IST) facilitate multidisciplinary collaboration across all departments on campus.  Graduate projects frequently involve connections with other disciplines including Physics, Biology, Control and Dynamical Systems, and Social Sciences. Students join a research group from the very beginning of their sojourn at Caltech so it is desirable that applicants have a defined area of interest when applying.
Higher Education, M.S.Ed. Education, Culture, and Society, M.S.Ed. Teaching, Learning, and Learning, M.S.Ed. Reading/Writing/Literacy, M.S.Ed. Policy, Master of Science (M.S.) in Statistics, Measurement, Assessment, and Research Technology (SM Counseling and Mental Health Services Executive Program in School and Mental Health Counseling Quantitative Methods School Leadership Microbiology, Virology, and Parasitology Environmental Studies MBA/MA in International Studies Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages - TESOL History - Master Intercultural Communication Landscape Architecture - Master Language and Literacy - Master Master of Biotechnology Learning Science and Technologies Interdisciplinary Studies in Human Development - Master Graduate Group in Electrical Engineering - Master Mathematics - Master Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics - Master Teacher Education: Secondary Comparative Physiology

From the late Middle Ages until the nineteenth century, the pattern of degrees was therefore to have a bachelor's and master's degree in the lower faculties and to have bachelor's and doctorates in the higher faculties. In the United States, the first master's degrees (Magister Artium, or Master of Arts) were awarded at Harvard University soon after its foundation.[4] In Scotland, the pre-Reformation universities (St Andrews, Glasgow and Aberdeen) developed so that the Scottish MA became their first degree, while in Oxford, Cambridge and Trinity College, Dublin, the MA was awarded to BA graduates of a certain standing without further examination from the late seventeenth century, its main purpose being to confer full membership of the university.[5] At Harvard the 1700 regulations required that candidates for the master's degree had to pass a public examination,[6] but by 1835 this was awarded Oxbridge-style three years after the BA.[7]


Agricultural Education offers course work that serves teachers and leaders in agriculture. The M.S, M.Ag. and M.A.I.S. degrees may be pursued with an emphasis in leadership, communication, pedagogy, extension and/or technical agriculture. Candidates work with an adviser to develop programs that meet their specific needs as indicated by their occupational objectives.

Producing original research is a significant component of graduate studies in the humanities, natural sciences and social sciences. This research typically leads to the writing and defense of a thesis or dissertation. In graduate programs that are oriented toward professional training (e.g., MPA, MBA, MHA), the degrees may consist solely of coursework, without an original research or thesis component. The term "graduate school" is primarily North American. Additionally, in North America, the term does not usually refer to medical school (whose students are called "medical students"), and only occasionally refers to law school or business school; these are often collectively termed professional schools. Graduate students in the humanities, sciences and social sciences often receive funding from the school (e.g., fellowships or scholarships) and/or a teaching assistant position or other job; in the profession-oriented grad programs, students are less likely to get funding, and the fees are typically much higher.
Funding differs greatly by departments and universities; some universities give five years of full funding to all Ph.D. students, though often with a teaching requirement attached; other universities do not. However, because of the teaching requirements, which can be in the research years of the Ph.D., even the best funded universities often do not have funding for humanities or social science students who need to do research elsewhere, whether in the United States or overseas.[citation needed] Such students may find funding through outside funders such as private foundations, such as the German Marshall Fund or the Social Science Research Council (SSRC).
MS Accounting MS in Financial Crime and Compliance Management MBA - Cyber Policy MBA - Cybersecurity MBA - Economic Crime and Fraud Management MBA - Data Analytics MS in Cybersecurity - Cyber Operations MS in Cybersecurity - Electronic Crime MS in Cybersecurity - Computer Forensics MBA - Finance and Accounting MBA - General MS in Cybersecurity MBA - Entrepreneurship MBA - Health Care Management MS in Cybersecurity - Malware Analysis MS in Cybersecurity - Cyber Intelligence MHA - Health Care Administration - Long Term Care MHA in Health Care Administration MHA - Health Care Administration - Acute Care MHA in Health Care Administration - Service Organization MS in Data Science - Cybersecurity MS in Data Science: Financial Crime MS in Data Science - Business Analytics MS in Data Science MS in Data Science: Social Science Analytics
These online colleges and universities offer the best online master's programs based on alumni salaries and tuition rates. is ranked #1, and has the lowest tuition rate, at , and the highest reported alumni salary, at . Georgia Tech offers online master's programs including a Master of Science in Cybersecurity and a Master of Science in Computer Science with multiple concentrations options.
Postgraduate studies in Israel require the completion of a bachelor's degree and is dependent upon this title's grades; see Education in Israel #Higher education. Degrees awarded are the M.A., M.Sc., M.B.A. and LLM; the Technion awards a non-thesis M.Eng. [95] There also exists "a direct track" doctorate degree, which lasts four to five years. Taking this route, students prepare a preliminary research paper during their first year, after which they must pass an exam before being allowed to proceed, at which point they are awarded a master's degree.
Oregon State University's Applied Economics Graduate Program offers M.S., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Applied Economics. The curricula provide, at both master’s and doctoral levels: (i) a foundation of rigorous core courses in economic theory, econometrics, and other quantitative methods; and (ii) areas of concentration in resource and environmental economics, trade and development, and other...
Marine and coastal scientific and management issues are technically and socially complex, involving many forms of science, interests, perspectives, and stakeholders. There is much uncertainty in modeling forecast and policy outcome associated with climate change and global markets. This interdisciplinary minor will provide graduate students with knowledge and skills to quantify and communicate...
Traditionally, doctoral programs were only intended to last three to four years, and in some disciplines (primarily the natural sciences), with a helpful advisor and a light teaching load, it is possible for the degree to be completed in that amount of time. However, increasingly many disciplines, including most humanities, set their requirements for coursework, languages, and the expected extent of dissertation research by the assumption that students will take five years minimum or six to seven years on average; competition for jobs within these fields also raises expectations on the length and quality of dissertations considerably.
This concentration is grounded in the recreational, cultural, informational, and educational needs of 21st century youth from birth through the teen years. Students study the selection of a broad range of resources in all media formats to reflect awareness of, and sensitivity to, the social and cultural needs of all youth and the design of reader’s advisory services, library programs, and literacy activities in public and school library settings.
Competition for jobs within certain fields, such as the life sciences, is so great that almost all students now enter a second training period after graduate school called a postdoctoral fellowship. In total most life scientists will invest 12–14 years in low-paid training positions and only 14% will obtain tenure track jobs (Miller McCune, the real science gap). The average age at which life scientists obtain their first R01 grant to conduct independent research is now 42.
MA, Leadership: Organizational Leadership Specialization MBA, Sports Management Specialization MBA, Chief School Business Official Specialization MBA, Not-for-Profit Management Specialization MBA, Leadership and Change Management Specialization MBA, School Business Management Specialization MBA, Entrepreneurship Specialization The Concordia University Chicago Core MBA MBA, Digital Marketing Specialization MBA, Health Care Management Specialization MBA, Accounting Specialization MBA, Finance Specialization MA, Innovation and Entrepreneurship
Most universities award honorary degrees,[15] usually at the postgraduate level. These are awarded to a wide variety of people, such as artists, musicians, writers, politicians, businesspeople, etc., in recognition of their achievements in their various fields. (Recipients of such degrees do not normally use the associated titles or letters, such as "Dr.")
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